History and Government
Sablan got its name from a local tree named “Sabdang”, which was abundant in those times at Poblacion. As time passed by, it was pronounced as “Sablang” and later on Sablan.
The municipality of Sablan was created officially as a municipal district on July 1, 1927 under Executive Order No. 61 dated May 17, 1927 by then Governor General Leonard Wood.
There are no records available as to who was the first municipal mayor of Sablan. However, immediately after World War II, the following became mayors of Sablan: Albert Camacho (appointed, 1945-1946), Alfredo Quilacio (1947-1949), Fidel Sito (1950-1955), Juanito Polon (1956-1959), Luis Bosoy (1960-1963), Michael Angel (1964-1971), Empiso Caiso (1972-1980), Michael Angel (1980-1986), Nicolas Calado (1986-1988), Magdalena Pitas (1992-1995), Michael Angel (1995-1998) and the present mayor, Magdalena Pitas who made a successful comeback in the 1998 elections.
Sablan was originally composed of 6 barangays, namely: Poblacion, Bayabas, Pappa, Banangan, Balluay and Banengbeng. On May 18, 1971, the municipal council of Sablan enacted Resolution No. 170, creating barangays Bagong and Kamog from Balluay and Pappa, respectively. On July 12, 1971, the Provincial Board of Benguet approved the creation of the two new barangays under 2 separate resolutions, Resolution No. 537 for Bagong and Resolution No. 538 for Kamog thereby increasing the barangays of Sablan to 8.
The municipality's symbols are: municipal flower - Sanggumay (wild orchid), municipal tree - Sandang Tree, municipal plant - Boyboy (tiger grass), municipal bird - Colasisi (parrot) and municipal cultural dance - palis (dance rendered to defeat the negative forces).
The municipality of Sablan is situated at the midwestern side of Benguet, bounded on the north by the municipalities of Burgos, La Union and Kapangan, Benguet; on the east by the municipalities of La Trinidad and Tublay, Benguet; on the south by the City of Baguio and the municipality of Tuba, Benguet; and on the west by the municipalities of Aringay and Naguilian of the province of La Union.
Sablan is generally mountainous with the mountains rolling at the side to its base where vales and valleys are found. The valley has been transformed into rice paddies as well as the mountain sides, with the steeper sides of the mountains utilized as grazing lands and as upland farms for the production of fruits, root crops and tiger grass or “boyboy” for making brooms.
According to the Department of Public Works and Highways, Sablan has an elevation of 2,900 feet above sea level at sitio Calot in Barangay Banangan which is approximately the center and 3,962 feet approximately at the highest point above sea level at the weigh-bridge in Yagyagan, Banangan, the boundary between the municipalities of Sablan and Tuba and Baguio City.
The municipality's climate is temperate which is good for the production of rootcrops as well as lowland and highland vegetables. From the month of November to April, the season is dry while from May to October, the season is rainy. During the summer months, it is warmer because of the summer breeze from the China Sea.
The aborigines of Sablan are from the Ibaloi Tribes. At present however, the residents of Sablan are a mixture of people from the lowlands such as the Ilocanos from La Union, Ilocos Sur, Ilocos Norte and Pangasinan. Because of intermarriages, there are now people from Isabela, Nueva Vizcaya, Ifugao, Bontoc and Kalinga.
Based on the 1995 Census, the municipality has a total population of 9,170, a total number of households of 1,818 with an average household size of 5.03 and an annual population growth rate of 1.57% covering the year 1990-1995.
The municipality is primarily agricultural. Rice paddies are usually found in valleys or in mountain sides. The steeper sides of the mountain are utilized as upland farms for the production of fruits, root crops and tiger grass. The municipality is one of the top fruit-producing municipalities of the province supplying some of the neighboring provinces. Some of the municipality's fruit produce include mango, banana, pineapple, starapple and santol. Tiger grass is being used primarily for making commercial soft brooms.
Tourist Attractions and Places of Interest