Situated centrally in the Cordilleras, Mt. Province is bounded on the north by Kalinga, on the south by Ifugao, southwest by Benguet and on the west by Abra and Ilocos Sur. It is accessible from Ifugao through the Banaue-Bontoc Road, Ilocos Sur through the Tagudin-Cervantes-Tadian Road, Kalinga through the Lubuagan-Bontoc Road and Baguio through the scenic Halsema Highway famously known as Mountain Trail.
Mt. Province is politically divided into 10 municipalities and 144 barangays with the municipality of Bontoc as its capital. The 10 municipalities with some basic information are as follows.
The former Mt. Province was created in 1908 with seven sub-provinces, namely: Benguet, Bontoc, Ifugao, Lepanto, Amburayan, Kalinga and Apayao. Later, Amburayan and Lepanto were incorporated by the sub-province of Benguet and Bontoc respectively leaving the five sub-provinces known as BIBAK.
Mt. Province became an independent province on March 25, 1967 when President Ferdinand E. Marcos officially appointed and inducted into office the first provincial board.
On April 7, 1967, the new Mt. Province came into operation. This date was unanimously adopted as the Mt. Province Day by the provincial board in its regular meeting held on June 10, 1980.
The topography of Mountain Province is rough characterized by very steep slopes and deep ravines. Small patches of gentle stones may be found along river banks, narrow valleys and tops of ridges. Elevation ranges from 500 meters at Saclit, Sadanga to as high as 2,714 meters to the top of Mt. Kalawitan in Sabangan.
The province has two general types of climate. The western portion is under Type I with two pronounced seasons; dry from November to April and wet during the rest of the year. The eastern portion is under Type III with season not very pronounced: relatively dry from November to April and wet for the rest of the year.
Tourist Attractions and Events
Just like other provinces in the Cordillera, Mt. Province is also blessed with many natural sceneries, terraces and other tourist attractions. Its places of interests are: Rizal Memorial Plaza, Bontoc Village Museum, Mornang Lingoy Hot Spring, Mainit Hot Spring, The famous caves of Sagada (Matangkib, Sugong, Sumaguing, Ganga and Angoten), Sagada Hanging Coffins, Alab Petroglyph, Lake Danum, Lake Dananao, Inodey Waterfalls, Chico River Panoramic View, Bontoc Panoramic View, Mt. Data Hotel, Gueday Stone Calendar, Sagada Weaving, Masferre Photographs and the Enchanted Eels of Cagubatan in Tadian.
Lang-ay Festival is a wine and cultural festival to celebrate the Mt. Province Foundation Day. It is a week-long activity culminating on the 7th of April, the Mt. Province Day. Among the activities are cultural street dancing, cultural presentations, exhibits and an agro-industrial fair.
Mt. Province is composed of Ten (10) Municipalities, namely:
Barlig, Bauko, Besao, Bontoc, Natonin, Paracelis, Sabangan, Sadanga, Sagada and Tadian.
* - 2010 NSO Census of Population
** - 2010 Partial Data from COMELEC